Launching event of the research study "Gender-based Discrimination and Labour in Albania"
Tirana, 7 June, 2019. Today the Gender Alliance for Development Centre (GADC) officially launched its latest report, which focuses on gender-based discrimination in relation to labour in Albania. The report is the first such research of its kind in Albania, and it is funded by the European Union (EU) and Swedish Development Cooperation.
The report aims to raise awareness among relevant institutions, media and the general public regarding the current situation of gender-based discrimination in Albania. It provides recommendations for addressing gender-based discrimination. Key research findings include:
- 90% of respondents from 1194 who filled out the questionnaire until the end 67% were women and 33% were men.
- Most women and men survey respondents (75 %) seemed aware that gender-based discrimination is illegal.
- 18% of women and 6% of men (of 456 total respondents) stated that they have experienced gender-based discrimination at work.
- 80% of victims of gender-based discrimination at work said that they have not contacted any institution to address the experienced discrimination.
- 75% agreed that gender-based discrimination is illegal in Albania, but every tenth (11%) thinks it is not.
- When gender-based discrimination occurs at work, 40% of the women and 45% of the men think that it should be reported to the employer. Only 25% of women and 12% of men know that they can report it to the Commissioner for protection from discrimination
- 61% of those that have had at least one job interview think that they have been discriminated against in hiring.
- Regarding the specific forms of sexual harassment that survey respondents faced at work, 15% of women compared to 5% of men were subjected to sexual gestures, jokes, or sounds; 5% of women received emails or text messages of a sexual nature from colleagues or supervisors, compared to 2% of men; 7% of the women were subjected to touching, such as their bottom or breasts, compared to 2% of the men; 8% of women received a proposal for sex from a colleague or superior, compared to 3% of men; and 1.7% were forced to have sex by colleague or superior, compared to 3% of men.
- 75% of women victims stated that the perpetrator was a man and 23% had both men and women as perpetrators.
- Of the survey respondents who said that they had faced sexual harassment at work, 39% of the women and 44% of men did not share or report their experience.
- Only 11% of men and 3% of women would use the official reporting mechanisms to report sexual harassment.
- 58% of women and 38% of men are of the opinion that they should take care of the sexual harassment themselves, rather than approach institutions.
- More women (50%) did not report this phenomenon for fear of losing their jobs than men (13%).
- The right to paid maternity leave was denied for up to 20% of women who were pregnant when working.
- Of the currently employed respondents, nearly half of the men (43%) in the sample did not have an employment contract, compared to more than every fifth woman (21%).
- 47% of men worked 41 to 60 hours per week (compared to 37% of women).
“In Albania, discrimination and the lack of equal opportunities in the workplace constitute a scarcely reported matter while being a well-known fact. As such, appropriate measures must be taken to address these structural conditions and strengthen the values of gender equality and respect for human rights in the labour market,” said Mirela Arqimandriti, Director of GADC.
Ms Monika Bylaite, Head of the Political Section of the EU Delegation to Albania, highlighted the importance of raising the awareness of employees on their rights stipulated by the Albanian Labour Code and by international conventions as well as on raising awareness of employers on their obligations and responsibilities, and in particular to women’s rights in the labour market. Strengthening of the role of Labour Inspectorate, as the first door to knock by everybody when something goes wrong with labour standards was mentioned as essential to foster the meaningful implementation of women’s labour right.
Representatives from different public and private institutions, media, non-profit organizations and academia participated in the launching event.
GADC and its partners in six Western Balkan countries are using the research findings to inform their further collaboration in combatting gender-based discrimination at work in the coming 32 months.